Copts, Scripturalization, and Identity in the Diaspora

 
Abstract: 
Copts in Egypt comprise the single largest body of Christians in the Middle East. Since the 1970s there have been waves of Coptic immigrants due to discrimination, persecution, and violence. In the Diaspora, their search for identity—its actualization and preservation—has resulted in forms of scripturalization expressed in oral tradition, martyrology,…
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Religious Identity and Borderless Territoriality in the Coptic e-Diaspora

  • Donald A. WestbrookAffiliated withDepartment of Church History, Fuller Theological SeminaryThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • , Saad Michael SaadAffiliated withClaremont Coptic Encyclopedia, Claremont Colleges Digital Library
 

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Abstract

In recent decades, Coptic Egyptian immigrants have steadily adopted new homelands throughout the world, most significantly in Europe, North America, and Australia. Their efforts perpetuate their religious and cultural identity and connect diaspora communities and experiences to the mother church as well as to the realities of marginalization and persecution of their co-religionists in Egypt. However, relatively little research has been carried out on the virtual or digital presences of diaspora Copts, all the more significant in the wake of the so-called Arab Spring. Focusing on religious identity, this article fills a lacuna by analyzing three case studies of electronic identity mediation and preservation in the Coptic diaspora: (1) the online ecclesiastical-pastoral and educational presence of Bishop Suriel of Melbourne, (2) the spiritual-social-cultural mission of the Los Angeles-based Coptic television station LogosTV, and (3) the global collaborative academic project of the digital Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia. These are part of an emerging electronic Coptic diaspora (e-diaspora)—a form of borderless territoriality—that functions to compensate for the loss of territorial and socio-religious-cultural-political control in Egypt and provide Copts with virtual territorial gains and borderless space for community and consciousness raising.

Keywords

Copts Coptic Orthodox Church Diaspora Assimilation Territoriality Identity

An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion held in San Diego (November 2014).

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EGYPT
I CAME TO England in 1979’, Dr Ibrahim Habib told me, ‘after all the Christian students in my year at medical school were marked down.’
We got to know each other after I visited the Coptic church in West London, where Ibrahim worships regularly, even though he lives and works in the Midlands. Originally from Minya, near Asyut in Upper Egypt, where about a third of the population is Christian, he is a stolid, soft-spoken figure with an eager smile. But his professional success and blithe manner were belied by the melancholy tale he told me:
Christians were either passed or failed; not a single one was placed in the ‘Good’, ‘Very Good’, or ‘Excellent’ categories. This meant that none of us Christians would achieve a high-flying career. The modern phase of anti-Christian violence in Egypt really began in 1972, with the establishment of the Gama Islamiya, a militant group. They started attacking Christian students on the university campus at Asyut, barging into our rooms and tearing down pictures of the Virgin Mary and other religious materials. A fight ensued. I and other Christians were expelled from university accommodation, but the Muslims who caused trouble were allowed to remain.
The upsurge in militancy can be blamed to a great extent on President Sadat. After the assassination attempt on Nasser in 1954, many fundamentalists were rounded up and sent to prison. Sadat, faced with heavy challenges from the Left, indulged the Islamists and let many in from Saudi Arabia. He also called Egypt a Muslim country, even though 15 to 20 per cent of the population were then Christian. That figure has now fallen to 12 per cent, because of all the emigration.

 

 

The Arab Cocoon: Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies

The Arab Cocoon: Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies

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  • Paperback: 160 pages
  • Publisher: Vallentine Mitchell; Reprint edition (March 17, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0853038929
  • ISBN-13: 978-0853038924
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The Arab Mind Bound [Hardcover]

Tarek Heggy
The Arab Mind Bound

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د.ماريز تادرس: الإخوان يخططون لديكتاتورية دينية.. بالقانون

كتب : روبير الفار

The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt: Democracy Redefined or Confined? (Durham Modern Middle East and Islamic World Series) 

تمتلك الدكتورة ماريز تادرس أستاذ العلوم السياسية بجامعة سوكس البريطانية رؤية عميقة حول جماعة الإخوان المسلمين، كشفت عنها مؤخرا فى كتاب (الإخوان المسلمون فى مصر المعاصرة - إعادة صياغة أم تقليص الديمقراطية).. والكتاب يقع فى 200 صفحة ويدور فى تسعة فصول. محورها مفهوم الديمقراطية على النمط الإسلامى، ولأهمية التوقيت الذى صدر فيه الكتاب التقينا الدكتورة ماريز وكان لنا معها هذا الحوار:

Kindle Store"Regression Coptic Spring"

"Regression Coptic Spring"

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Coptic Spring (Regression, #1) (Volume 1) by Ramy Tadros (Apr 1, 2012)

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 Tarek Heggy's books

While Tarek Heggy's first book was published in Morocco in April,1978, his
18th book in Arabic was published in cairo a few days ago. The title of
the new book is "DANAT", a word that has two different meaning in
classical Arabic : "Pearls" or "Shells" (cannon's Shells). This new book
is now available at the bookshop of the publisher (Dar al Horryiah, 4
Mohamed Bek Assem street, Shobra, opposite al-Mahabba bookshop, Telephone :
02-2578-1047, Fax : 02-2576-2728, e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,
Site : http://www.alhorriyiea.com ).Please find attached a list of Tarek
Heggy's other books in Arabic that are also available at "Dar al Horryiah"
bookshop :

Marxist Ideas In Balance. 1978
Communism And Religion. 1980
My Experience With Marxism. 1983
What is to be done? 1986
The Four Idols. 1988
The Trinity of Destruction. 1990
Egypt between two Earthquakes. 1991
The Fateful Transformation. 1993
Reflections on Egypt 's Realities. 1995
Critique of the Arab Mind. 1998
Culture First and Foremost. 2000
The Values of Progress. 2001
On the Egyptian Mind. 2003
Margins on The Egyptian Mind. 2004
Modern Management in the Arab Societies. 2006
The Imprisonment of the Arab Mind. 2009
Our Culture Between Illusion and Reality. 2009

 
 

 

Muslim Mafia: Inside the Secret Underworld That's Conspiring to Islamize America - (Autographed) (Hardcover) 

By P. Dave Gaubatz and Paul Sperry

You've heard about the courageous young investigators who covertly videotaped officials of ACORN advocating illegal activities.

Now, get ready for an undercover exposé even more daring and audacious – a six-month penetration of the Council on American-Islamic Relations that resulted in the collection of thousands of pages of revealing documents as well as inside secrets.

 

Nicholas Shakespeare looks at how Islamist terrorism has emerged in the last century, with its roots in modernity rather than tradition

By Nicholas Shakespeare

The history of religion is a history of schisms. You can make a case that every great religion is a heresy of some previous one: exactly as Christianity is a heresy of Judaism, which itself is a reworking of Ancient Babylonian myths, so Islam may be viewed as a sub-heresy of Christianity. In the sibling rivalry that exists between Jews, Christians and Muslims, we are all descendants of Abraham one way or another, like three children competing for a father’s attention. What we need to learn is how to get on with each other without resorting to violence – a massively tall order, as these books reveal.

عرض لكتاب" حكايات الاحتلال وتصحيح بعض المفاهيم"


تأليف:الاستاذ عادل جندى


الناشر: منتدى الشرق الأوسط للحريات

 

عرض: نصرى جرجس نسر - لواء مهندس سابق بالقوات المسلحة Source Free Copts

Raymond Ibrahim: The History Channel's Distortions of the Crusades

CRUSADESAESET.jpg

I recently taped and am watching a documentary, "The Crusades: Crescent and the Cross," on the History Channel. While it is more or less historically accurate—names, dates, figures—it suffers from two weaknesses, weaknesses that often take center stage whenever Islam is discussed in the West: 1) biases and apologetics on behalf of Islam, coupled with outright distortions concerning Christians and Christianity; and 2) anachronisms, by projecting the motives and worldview of modern man onto the motives and worldview of pre-modern man, both Muslims and Christians.

Cruel and Usual Punishment: The Terrifying Global Implications of Islamic Law

New book by Nonie Darwish 

"Cruel and Usual Punishment":

The Terrifying Global Implications of Islamic Law (Hardcover)

by Nonie Darwish (Author)

$16.49 & eligible for FREE Super Saver Shipping on orders over $25. Details

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كتاب جديد يهم كل قبطى

هموم قبطية

خواطرحول شؤون وشجون الأقباط

تأليف منير بشاى- تقديم مجدى خليل

 ۲٠٠ صفحة-٤۸ مقالة -۱٠ فصول

الكتاب يتناول القضية القبطية من جميع جوانبها

قضايا ساخنة- آراء صريحة- معالجة جريئة

(خصم خاص لمكتبات الكنائس)   الشحن+ $10.00 ثمن النسخة

)310) 641- 3387لمزيد من المعلومات

يطلب من

P.O. Box 661336, Los Angeles, CA 90066

To order by credit card: www.islamreview.com

الأقباط متحدون في حوار مع الناشط القبطي منير بشاي بمناسبة صدور كتابه الجديد "هموم قبطية"

العمل القبطي حالياً يمتلك الكثير من الإمكانيات
لا أحمل في حياتي قصة اضطهاد
تعرفت على د.كاراس من خلال كتاباته
أجرى الحوار: شفيق بطرس
**لمن لا يعرفكم رجاء تسليط بعض الأضواء عن من هو منير بشاي؟


هذا سؤال من الصعب أن يجيب عليه منير بشاي، فأنا لست متأكداً أنني أعرف كل شيء عن نفسي، وأسأل نفسي باستمرار من أنا؟ وفي كل يوم أكتشف عن نفسي أشياء جديدة، ولكن بصفة عامة أظن أنني إنسان عادي، هادئ الطباع، محافظ، ومتدين، ولا أميل إلى الراديكالية أو العنف مع أنها صفة غالباً تجدها في الدعاة والناشطين السياسيين. وفي نفس الوقت لا أقبل التفريط في الحقوق، وأميل للعيش طبقاً للقول المأثور لا تكن ناشفاً فتُكسَر أو ليّناً فتعُصَر. ولي عداء شخصي مع الظلم فلا أقبله سواء في حياتي أو حياة الآخرين، وأحاربه بشراسة. وربما هذا ما دفعني إلى الانخراط في هذا العمل الحقوقي.

إنتظروا قريبا..

كتاب جديد يهم كل قبطى

هموم قبطية

خواطرحول شؤون وشجون الأقباط

تأليف منير بشاى- تقديم مجدى خليل

Over one million European Christians

kidnapped and enslaved by Muslims

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ظهر حديثا في الأسواق كتاب الأقليات الدينية فى مصر تحت الحصار يتناول الكتاب بالشرح والتحليل أحوال الأقليات القبطية والبهائية والشيعية في مصر ومطالبهم المشروعة والمضايقات التي يتعرضون لها مع التركيز على الأقلية القبطية والمتنصرون مثل محمد حجازي أول متنصر فى مصر يرفع قضية ضد الحكومة للاعتراف بتحوله للمسيحية كما يتناول مدلول لفظ الأقلية وهل ينطبق على الأقباط فى مصر ام لا ولماذا لا تعترف الحكومة بالأقباط كأقلية بالإضافة الى تورط منظمة المؤتمر الاسلامى فى دعم التطرف فى مصر ومقوله الرئيس الراحل أنور السادات سأجعل الأقباط ماسحي أحذية أو سيجبروا على ترك البلاد علاوة على الدور السعودي الوهابي فى نشر الثقافة المتشددة وتورطه في اسلمة المجتمع المصري

 الكتاب من تأليف الصحفي الشاب/ جرجس بشرى صادق

"تاريخ أقباط مصر" للدكتور مجدي سامي زكي


في كتابه الذي صدر باللغة الفرنسية يسرد الكاتب تاريخ أصل الأقباط الفرعوني والتطورات المهمة من تاريخ أصولهم والانتشار الإسلامي حتى القرن الـ 21، مستعرضاً كتابه في 6 فصول ومراجع مهمة ووثائق مستنداً في بحثه بمراجع إسلامية مثل السيوطي والجبرتي وابن أسير وابن خلدون والمقريزي وغيرهم.

كتاب في غاية الأهمية جدير بالقراءة

و"الأقباط متحدون" تشكر الكاتب الدكتور مجدي زكي على هذا المؤلف الذي أضاف إلى المكتبة القبطية والتراث القبطي الكثير من التأصيل العلمي لتاريخ الأقباط.

 Le mot copte, syllabe unique et sonore comme un petit coup sec, se confond avec chrétien d'Egypte. Mais étymologiquement, il est la déformation arabe d'un terme grec, qui signifie égyptien, lui même dérivant d'ho ki Phtah, temple de l'esprit de Phtah, dieu créateur de Memphis, antique capitale égyptienne.

Ce livre relate l'histoire tourmentée de ces Coptes, depuis leurs origines pharaoniques jusqu'au XXIè siècle. Il dresse l'inventaire saisissant de leurs tribulations sans négliger d'aborder le sort comparable d'autres opprimés en terre d'Islam : Juifs, Arméniens, Berbères, etc. L'ouvrage comporte aussi d'importants développements inédits sur l'origine et l'expansion de l'Islam, la politique de Byzance, les Croisades, la célèbre expédition d'Egypte de Bonapart.

Dans son argumentation, l'auteur s'appuie sur les témoignages des grands chroniqueurs musulmans : As Souyouti, Baladhuri, Gabarti, Hakam, Ibn Assir, Ibn Hicham, Ibn Iyas, Ibn Khaldoun, Ibn Saad, Makrizi, Waqidi, etc.

Histoire des Coptes d'Egypte,

Vous pouvez le commander auprès de l'éditeur :
Editions de Paris
13 rue Saint-Honoré
78000 Versailles
Tél : 06 79 17 38 08
Courriel :
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

ISBN 2-85162-125-4, 991 pages, 2005
Editions de Paris
49 euros.
 

The Roots of Jihad Book for sale

the roots of jihad

Beyond al-Qaeda. Part 1 and 2
The Global Jihadist Movement

This book is now available

Defeating Al-Qaeda will require more than a military strategy that attacks the core group's top leaders. Even if the military were to eliminate Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri tomorrow, the world's most dangerous terrorist organization would continue to wreak havoc. Al-Qaeda can do this because it can rely on a large peripheral network of cells and affiliate groups, which are local Islamist organizations with local grievances that are equally committed to global jihad.

The Coming Balkan Caliphate:

The Threat of Radical Islam to Europe and the West

 Link to Amazon

Review
"Anyone imagining that Moslem extremists must be seen as a threat only east of Suez should read Chris Deliso's alarming accounts of their activities in parts of the Balkans made vulnerable by wars and poverty." - David Binder, New York Times Central and Eastern European correspondent, 1961-2004.

 islam islamism
 The West, Islam and Islamism (Second Edition) 
The West, Islam and Islamism 
Is ideological Islam compatible with liberal democracy? 
Caroline Cox and John Marks 
£9.50, 127pp, Second Edition, November 2006 
 
Publishers link
another publisher 

 

Irini Passi: Peace Be With You

by Assil R. Bassili

314 pages; quality trade paperback (softcover); catalogue #06-3080; ISBN 1-4251-1321-4; US$21.70, C$24.95, EUR16.92, £11.21

Link to publisher

Ramses Hanna, from Egypt, a successful surgeon, denied his rights by fanatic superiors, emigrated to Canada in the sixties. His tribulations reveal interesting reading about himself, his family and his love and about his Coptic church.

 

this immoral trade l 
Slavery remains rampant worldwide, despite the celebrations surrounding the bicentenary next year of its abolition in Britain. At least 27m men, women and children are enslaved today, ranging from prostitutes in London to indentured workers in Burma. This popularly written, but carefully researched, volume includes chapters on different forms of contemporary slavery, on the Christian roots of the anti-slavery movement and on the roots of Islamic  slavery, and three detailed case studies, on Sudan, Burma and Uganda. It concludes with an

important chapter on action readers can take.

faith and power
Faith and Power: Christianity and Islam in 'Secular' Britain (Paperback)
by Lesslie Newbigin (Author), Lamin Sanneh (Author), Jenny Taylor (Author)
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£11.43 & eligible for Free UK delivery on orders over £15 with Super Saver Delivery. See details and conditions

YOU CAN BUY THIS BOOK VIA AMAZON http://www.amazon.co.uk/Faith-Power-Christianity-Secular-Britain/dp/1597522287



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